The galvanic current is a low level or direct current used for disincrustation and iontophoresis. Disincrustation facilitates deep pore cleansing by a chemical process known as saponification. Iontophoresis introduces water soluble products deep into the skin. Polarity can be changed simply by the flip of a switch and a rheostat knob allows for intensity control.
Galvanic Current: Iontophoresis
Galvanic Current is a continuous current that flows in one direction and uses low voltage and medium amperage. It has dual polarity of a positive or negative charge. Using Galvanic Current on the positive polarity is referred to as Iontophoresis. During an Iontophoresis treatment, a small electric current is applied to the skin, which provides the driving force to enable the penetration of charged molecules deep into the skin. A positively charged product is placed on the skin under the active electrode. An indifferent counter electrode is positioned elsewhere on the body. The active electrode effectively repels the active substance and forces it into the skin. This simple electrorepulsion is the main mechanism responsible for penetration enhancement by Iontophoresis, and it is ideal for aging skin in helping to carry active age fighting ingredients deeper into the skin.
Galvanic on the positive polarity has a calming and vasoconstrictive effect on the skin, so it is not only ideal to help product penetrate, but it also helps reduce sensitivity and redness on the skin. Various products can be used with Iontophoresis if they are acid pH balanced and water-soluble.
Galvanic Iontophoresis can be used with:
• Oil-controlling and acne complexes or serums.
• Age fighting and regenerating complexes and serums.
• Pigment-correcting complexes or serums.
• Hydrating and nourishing masques.
• Treatment moisturizers.
• Skin-firming complexes and serums.
The main benefits and effects of Galvanic Iontophoresis include:
• Tightening and firming of tissues.
• Constriction of follicles.
• Decrease in blood flow.
• Decrease in sensitivity.
• Reduction of edema and lymph stagnation.
• Oxygenation of cells.
• Calms and soothes the skin.
• Restores critical moisture.
• Regenerates the skin.
• Stimulates cell renewal and improves skin vitality.
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